Yugoslavian Monuments – Jugoslovenski Spomenici

The Yugoslavian authorities established several memorial sites between 1945 and 1960, though widespread building started after the founding of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Yugoslavian president Josip Broz Tito commissioned several memorial sites and monuments in the 1960s and 70s dedicated to World War II battle, and concentration camp sites. They were designed by notable sculptors, including Dušan Džamonja, Vojin Bakić, Miodrag Živković, Jordan and Iskra Grabul, and architects, including Bogdan Bogdanović, Gradimir Medaković. After Tito’s death, a small number was built, and the monuments were popular visitor attractions in the 1980s as patriotic sites, and since the Yugoslav Wars and the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the sites are abandoned and have lost their importance. (Source Wiki)

I’ve traveled 4307km’s in 8 days through 7 countries and more then 30 cities to find these monuments (The Kosovo monuments were done separately which in total 2728km’s were traveled in 3 days). Most of them were built on hard to reach high mountains, most of them abandoned and deemed to be forgotten. A few were still maintained and well kept to preserve the history behind them. Some were blown up into pieces. The word ‘Spomenik’ in serbian can bring either good or bad vibes. Depending on which spomenik you want to visit, you can come across with either respect and sympathy or hostility and anger. As always I was fortunate to see both sides of these vibes. All of the pictures have been taken by myself. Enjoy!

Mitrovica, Kosovo

Mitrovica, Kosovo

The monument was dedicated to the miners of the city (Albanian and Serbian partisans), who lost their lives during World War II.It was built in 1973 by the architect Bogdan Bogdanović. It was designed to represent the overcoming of national divisions between Albanians and Serbs and to bear witness to the peaceful coexistence between the two communities in post-war Yugoslavia. (Source: Wiki)

Pristina, Kosovo

Pristina, Kosovo

The Yugoslav era Martyrs’ Monument honors the partisans that died during the liberation of the region in World War II. The monument was built in 1961. ( Source)

Požarevac, Serbia

Požarevac, Serbia

At the memorial site during the Second World War were shot about 3,000 supporters of NOP and captured partisans. Memorial park was built in 1962. Creators of monuments inside park are architect Branislav Stojanović and sculptor S. Mišić (source)

Kosmaj

Kosmaj, Serbia

Dedicated to the “Kosmaj Partisan detachment” of World War II. Erected in 1971 by Vojin Stojic and architect Gradimir Medaković (Source Wiki)

Ostra, Serbia

Ostra, Serbia

“The monument to the brave”, in honor to the Čačanskog Partisan Unit. Erected in 1969 by Miodrag Zivkovic and the architect Svetislav Licina (Source)

Čačak, Serbia

Čačak, Serbia

Memorial Park of Struggle and Victory. Designed by Bogdan Bogdanović, 1976-1980. Dedicated to 4,650 fallen partisan fighters and victims of fascism from Čačak killed during World War II. (Source Wiki)

Kadinjača, Serbia

Kadinjača, Serbia

Commemoration of the Battle of Kadinjača on 29 November 1941. Designed by Miodrag Živković and Aleksandar Đokić. The entire memorial complex was officially opened by President Josip Broz Tito on 23 September 1979. (Source Wiki)

Niš, Serbia

Niš, Serbia

Monument “Three fists”. Designed by Ivan Sabolić; built in 1963. Dedicated to victims of fascism killed at Bubanj plateau near Niš between 1941 and 1944. (Source Wiki)

Kragujevac, Serbia

Kragujevac, Serbia

The monument was erected in 1963 and the author is Miodrag Zivkovic, academic sculptor. It is located near where the shooting of the largest group of students with 18 teachers. It is a grand sculpture in which the powerful, branched from the white concrete block transforms the gentle bird with broken wings, broken in flight. (Source Wiki)

Kavadarci, Montenegro

Kavadarci, Macedonia

Mausoleum of the fallen fighters and victims of fascism

Makedonium, Kruševo, Montenegro

Makedonium, Kruševo, Macedonia

Designed by Jordan and Iskra Grabuloska, built in 1974. Dedicated to the fallen fighters of Ilinden Uprising and People’s liberation struggle. (Source Wiki)

Kolašin, Montenegro

Kolašin, Montenegro

Kolašin, a place where for the first time convened the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Montenegro and Boka. It was designed by Slovenian architect Marko Music. (Source Wiki)

Nikšić, Montenegro

Nikšić, Montenegro

Monument to fallen patriots. Designed by Bogdan Bogdanović. Dedicated to 32 anti-fascists and patriots shot by the occupiers on Trebjesa hill. (Source Wiki)

Grahovo, Montenegro

Grahovo, Montenegro

Designed by Miodrag Živković, built in 1978. Dedicated to fallen fighters of the Yugoslav Front. (Source Wiki)

Tjentište, Bosnia & Herzegovina

Tjentište, Bosnia & Herzegovina

The Battle of the Sutjeska aka Fifth enemy offensive. Work of the sculptor Miodrag Zivkovic. Erected in 1971. (Source Wiki)

Makljen, Bosnia & Herzegovina

Makljen, Bosnia & Herzegovina

Built in 1978 to commemorate the Battle of the wounded (“The window must fall tonight”). The author is a sculptor Bosko Household. Unknown fascists blew up the monument (Source Wiki)

Zenica, Bosnia & Herzegovina

Zenica, Bosnia & Herzegovina

Built in 1968. Dedicated to the fallen fighters of Zenica Partisan Detachment (Source Wiki)

Kozara, Bosnia & Herzegovina

Kozara, Bosnia & Herzegovina

Monument to the Revolution. Also known as the Mrakovica Memorial, dedicated to the Battle of Kozara. Erected in 1972. Designed by Dušan Džamonja (Source Wiki)

Sanski Most, Bosnia & Herzegovina

Sanski Most, Bosnia & Herzegovina

Monument to the victims of fascist terror and fighters Liberation. Built in 1971. Sculptor Petar Krstic (Source Wiki)

Grmeč, Bosnia & Herzegovina

Grmeč, Bosnia & Herzegovina

Monument to the Revolution, Korčanica Memorial Zone

Knin, Croatia

Knin, Croatia

The monument is dedicated to the soldiers who freed the city of Knin from the fascists during World War II. Artichect Đorđe Romić

Sinj, Croatia

Sinj, Croatia

Monument Ruduša was built in 1962 in memory of the 24 executions of members of the First Split squads (Source Wiki)

Košute, Croatia

Košute, Croatia

Monument to the fallen soldiers of the Split Partisan Unit. Built in 1961. The work of the sculptor Vuka Bombardelli. Large amount of explosives blew up the monument.

Petrova Gora, Croatia

Petrova Gora, Croatia

Designed by Vojin Bakić, built in 1982. Dedicated to the people of Kordun and Banija during World War II to the partisan and civilian victims (Source Wiki)

Sisak, Croatia

Sisak, Croatia

Designed by Želimir Janeš. Dedicated to the 1st Sisak Partisan Detachment. Built in 1981 on the site of establishment, in the forest of Brezovica (Source Wiki)

Jasenovac, Croatia

Jasenovac, Croatia

Dedicated to concentration camp victims at the Jasenovac camp. Designed by Bogdan Bogdanović, built in 1966 in honor of all the cruelty of the men in the largest concentration camp in the region (Source Wiki)

Podgarić, Croatia

Podgarić, Croatia

Designed by Dušan Džamonja, built in 1967. Dedicated to the people of Moslavina during World War II (Source Wiki)

Ilirska Bistrica, Slovenia

Ilirska Bistrica, Slovenia

Dedicated to fallen Slovenian soldiers. Designed by Janez Lenassi, built in 1965. (Source Wiki)

 

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  • Jesse Nagel

    Those monuments and pictures are incredible, thanks for sharing! It seems Bulgaria has some equally amazing sites. I need to get to the Balkans!

    • metehans

      Thanks for reading my blog and hopefully you’ll make it to the Balkans one day

  • Luiz Felipe

    Hello, do you have a map with the locations of these monuments?

  • Chris Lewis

    Wow!! Just amazing !! Thank you for sharing!! I started looking into these monuments due to a recent vinyl record release called ‘ the Yugoslavian space project’ which features the Makedonium floating in space on its cover. But I never realise these othervmonuments existed, Truly inspiring!!! Thank you!!

    • metehans

      they are definitely real Chris and worth checking out. Thanks for reading my blog.

  • Jackie Carstairs

    Wonderful shapes and textures showing the amazing creativity of some modern artists and sculptors.
    CONGRATULATIONS 1